Updated 20th December 2020
Do you live in Lagos (Nigeria), and are wondering where the Lagos State Cervical Cancer Screening Centres are located? On this page we explain:
- Why it’s important for you to be cervical cancer aware
- Why you should make cervical cancer screening a part of your regular health routine and
- Where in Lagos State to get cervical cancer screening.
What’s On This Page
- What is Cervical Cancer (Cancer of the Cervix)?
- What is the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)?
- How You Could Develop Cervical Cancer
- Why Is Cervical Cancer Screening Important?
- Where Can I Find Lagos State Cervical Cancer Screening Centres?
What is Cervical Cancer (Cancer of the Cervix)?
First, it is important for every woman to be cervical cancer aware.
This is because it is the second most common cancer affecting women in Nigeria at present.
It is also a disease that is fatal in its final stages – however if we can find it before it starts to develop, it can be prevented.
The cervix (see below) is the neck of the womb.
The womb is made of two parts – the neck and body.
The cervix is the part of the womb closest to the outside of the body, and juts into your vagina.
We think the single most important factor in developing cervical cancer is the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).
Studies from many parts of the world identify infection with the HPV in nearly all cases of cervical cancer.
What is the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)?
The HPV is a type of germ (virus) responsible for several different conditions in human beings.
They could be harmless or serious medical conditions from skin warts, anal or genital warts, to cancer of the head and neck areas; and cancer of the cervix.
We now understand from scienctific research that there are over 100 strains of the HPV; that is, viral types that belong to the same family.
Some of these HPV strains which cause cancer are called ‘high risk’ for example strains 16 and 18 which are those responsible for cancer of the cervix.
How You Could Develop Cervical Cancer
Having a womb (and therefore cervix) puts you at risk of cervical cancer.
The risk is also higher in older women and in the following conditions:
- Women who smoke, have multiple sex partners, and who have been infected with HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) infection at one time or the other.
Men are not totally left out, though,
Cervical cancer cannot happen in men as they do not have a cervix.
However, HPV strains 16 and 18 which cause cervical cancer are mainly transmitted by sexual contact including penetrative contact as well as skin to skin genital contact.
Therefore, this means that a man who is infected with HPV can pass it on to his female partner during sexual contact and intercourse; increasing her risk of developing cancer.
Mouth cancer from HPV infection or other cancer in the head and neck could develop from some strains of the HPV and can affect both men and women.
Additionally, men can also suffer from anal cancer or cancer of the penis from ‘high risk’ HPV infection.
Unlike some other germ infections, an infection with HPV may not show always show any signs at the initial stages.
This is especially the case in the strains which proceed to cause cancer of the cervix.
Why Is Cervical Cancer Screening Important?
Having cervical cancer screening centres in every state of the country is important.
This is because we cannot detect the infection with HPV as it shows no symptoms, but it can have devastating consequences when allowed to develop.
In other words, cervical cancer is preventable because we can identify the main cause several years before the disease happens.
Most importantly, you can screen for cervical cancer by getting women to have regular routine tests to identify changes in their cervix that may lead to cancer in the future.
Screening is most commonly performed with the Pap smear. Other tests include a proceedure known as VIA (Visual Inspection with Acetic acid).
These can be performed in most women under the age of 60 years.
What Happens During the Pap Smear and VIA?
These are two separate tests done to screen for cervical cancer in Nigeria; though others including LBC and HPV DNA tests are available in other countries.
A pap smear is a screening test that you have to detect for any early signs of changes in your body which indocate future cefrvical cancer.
During a pap smear, a very small amount of cells or tissue (smear) is collected from your cervix. The test can be performed by a nurse or doctor trained to collect the sample.
The pap smear involves having a pelvic exam, where the doctor uses a vaginal speculum to collect the cells from the cervix.
You will not need to be under anaesthesia during the pap smear and the entire procedure should not take longer than ten minutes.
It may be slightly uncomfortable – you may have slight pain when the speculum is being inserted or when the tissue is being collected.
Additionally, there may be slight cramping or spotting afterwards which should settle in a short while.
The results are not immediately available as the cells from your cervix will need to be sent to a laboratory for testing with specialised equipment.
Visual Inspection With Acetic Acid (VIA)
VIA is another test we use in cervical cancer screening.
To carry out a VIA test, you will have a pelvic exam where the nurse or doctor inserts a vaginal speculum and applies an acetic acid solution to the cervix.
They will use a bright lamp (e.g. halogen) to examine the cervix with a naked eye and record the results of the test.
The test is defined as either positive or negative depending on whether any suspicious signs are seen on the cervix that may indicate cancer such as a growth or ulcer.
If this happens you will be offered treatment to the damaged areas at the same time.
VIA is a simple test, inexpensive with results available immediately – and treatment possible at the same time.
Other Screening Methods
The LBC (Liquid Based Cytology) is another method for cervical screening used in some countries like the UK.
Again, cells from the cervix are collected during a pelvic exam using a brush and stored in a special liquid preservative afterwards.
The cells are then spread on a slide to be examined by a specialist.
When Should You Have A Pap Smear /LBC /VIA?
The age you can have any cervical screening test varies from one country to another, but most specialists agree the best time is from age 20 or 21 years and every three years until you reach age 60 years.
Vaccines against the HPV infection can be given to women and girls from age 12 or 13 years upwards to prevent them from contracting HPV when they are older.
This protects them from changes caused by HPV that will lead to Cervical Cancer.
Boys can also have the vaccine to prevent developing HPV infection themselves; or spreading it to others.
Where Can I Find Lagos State Cervical Cancer Screening Centres?
Now you understand why you should be screened, visit your closest centre. Below is a list of places in Lagos state where screening and vaccination can be conducted.
LAKESHORE CANCER CENTER LAGOS
14 Amodu Tijani Close, Victoria Island
15,000 – On Appointment
FOREMOST RADIOLOGY LAGOS
50 Ogunlana Drive, Surulere
9,200 – Monday to Friday
OPTIMAL CANCER CARE LAGOS
118 Bode Thomas Street Surulere
5,000 – Monday to Friday
THE BRIDGE CLINIC (MEDICENTRE)⠀LAGOS
66 Oduduwa Way, GRA Ikeja⠀
15,000 – Monday to Friday
46 Oduduwa Crescent GRA Ikeja
10,000 – Monday to Friday
HELP DIAGNOSTICS (MARYLAND & IKORODU) LAGOS
Behind Mobil Filling Station, Maryland
10,000 – Monday to Friday
THE SPECIALIST LABORATORIES LAGOS
6, Sodipo St Off Mabo Street⠀Surulere.
Pap Smear:11,500 – Monday to Friday
MECURE OSHODI LAGOS
Me Cure House, Debo Industries Compound, Apapa – Oshodi Expressway (near NAFDAC) Mecure.com.ng
10,000 – Monday to Friday⠀
ARRIVE ALIVE DIAGNOSTICS AND IMAGING LAGOS
35 Cole Street off (Same road as Diamond Bank), Ojuelegba.
Read here for more information on Cervical Cancer.
Centre list reproduced with permission from Diet234.com
- Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIA) Screening Program: 7 Years Experience in Early Detection of Cervical Cancer and Pre-Cancers in Rural South India
- Pap Smear
- WHO Trainees Handbook on Cervical Screening Methods
Editing By AskAwayHealth
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