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Explaining Endometriosis – Who Gets It And Why – Video Special.

March 4, 2020

Explaining Endometriosis – “Who Gets It and Why” looks at this chronic condition and how it develops in some women but not others.

Updated December 2022

Endometriosis, a complex and often misunderstood medical condition, affects millions of women worldwide.

This condition occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the womb, known as endometrium, grows outside it, commonly in the pelvic area.

The question of “who” gets endometriosis and “why” remains a topic of ongoing research, shedding light on a multifaceted interplay of genetics, hormones, and environmental factors.

You may also watch the video below to get a comprehensive understanding of the factors associated with developing endometriosis.

Who Gets It and Why

Endometriosis primarily targets women of reproductive age, usually between their teens and early 40s.

It is crucial to recognize that endometriosis does not discriminate based on ethnicity, race, or socioeconomic status, though studies suggest some differences in prevalence among different racial and ethnic groups.

Genetic Factors

Genetics play a significant role in the predisposition to endometriosis. Individuals with a family history of the condition are more likely to develop it themselves.

Certain genetic mutations and variations might influence susceptibility to endometriosis, affecting factors such as immune responses and hormonal regulation.

Hormonal Influence

In the quest to explain endometriosis and how it develops, hormones are central.

Oestrogen, a primary female sex hormone, drives the growth and shedding of the endometrial tissue during the menstrual cycle.

Individuals with higher levels of estrogen might be more susceptible to the development of endometriosis.

Conditions that prolong exposure to estrogen, such as early menarche (onset of menstruation) or late menopause, could increase the risk.

African lady bent over in pain - Who gets Endometriosis?

Retrograde Menstruation and Immune Response

One widely accepted theory is retrograde menstruation. This occurs when menstrual blood, containing endometrial cells, flows back through the fallopian tubes into the pelvic cavity instead of exiting the body.

These displaced cells can then implant and grow in other areas, leading to endometriosis. However, not everyone with retrograde menstruation develops endometriosis, indicating that immune responses might also play a role in either preventing or promoting its growth.

Environmental Factors

Environmental factors, such as exposure to certain toxins and chemicals, have been investigated for their potential role in endometriosis.

While research in this area is ongoing, some studies suggest that exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals and pollutants might contribute to the development or severity of the condition.

In conclusion, the “who” and “why” of endometriosis involve a complex interplay of genetic predisposition, hormonal regulation, immune responses, and potential environmental influences.

Although significant progress has been made in understanding the condition, much remains to be discovered.

For now, explaining endometriosis involves recognizing the diversity of individuals affected by endometriosis and the various factors contributing to its development. These are essential for improved diagnosis, treatment, and support for those living with this often debilitating condition.

Click To Watch Video

More Reading

Editing by AskAwayHealth Team


All AskAwayHealth articles are written by practising  Medical Practitioners. We cover various healthcare conditions to promote quality healthcare. 

The advice in our material is not meant to replace a qualified healthcare practitioner’s management of your specific condition. To discuss your condition, please get in touch with a health practitioner or reach us directly

Image Source – Canva

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