Lady of african origin holding a packet of birth control pills

Drugs used in Modern Contraceptive Methods

Some people do not know the drugs used in modern contraceptive methods and how they work.

Lady of african origin holding a packet of birth control pills


Not knowing these can limit people from getting the benefits of different methods that available.

This is because one method may suit your lifestyle or you may find it easier to use one over another.

Studies do indicate that your regular use of a birth control method depends on how acceptable and convenient it is for you.

Therefore, it is important that if you are considering one method or another, you have an idea of how they work; and hopefully choose the best for yourself.

Infogram – How Common Birth Control Methods Work

In the graphic below, some family planning methods are listed, with the key drugs in each type identified.

For example, the Combined pill contains Oestrogen and Progesterone.

Oestrogen works by preventing ovulation (the release of eggs from the ovary), preventing pregnancy.

Progesterone acts to interfere or hinder the movement of sperm within the womb and reduce chances of an egg being fertilised.

The contraceptive patch and vaginal ring contain the same hormone combination as the combined pill (oestrogen and progesterone).

The ring and patch are simply alternatives to the combined pill that work in the same way but may be more convenient for you to use instead of the pill.

 Learn more about other methods in the graphic below:

Infogram showing common Birth Control (Family Planning) Methods

Do you need to know more about a specific birth control method? Ask here:

More Reading:

Editing by AskAwayHealth Team


All AskAwayHealth articles are written by practising  Medical Practitioners on a wide range of health care conditions to provide evidence-based guidance and to help promote quality health care. The advice in our material is not meant to replace the management of your specific condition by a qualified health care practitioner.
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