Malaria – Myths v Facts

Malaria is transmitted through mosquito bites. The disease is spread when an infected female Anopheles mosquito bites a human being and injects malaria parasites into the bloodstream.

These parasites then travel to the liver, where they multiply before being released back into the bloodstream.

The disease is transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito.

Malaria symptoms usually appear within two weeks after infection.

They include:

  • Fever,
  • Chills,
  • Headache,
  • Muscle aches,
  • Vomiting and diarrhoea,
  • Cough,
  • Weakness and fatigue,
  • loss of appetite, and jaundice (yellow skin).

In severe cases, people may develop kidney failure, coma, seizures, or death.

Malaria facts:

Malaria is an acute illness caused by a parasite called plasmodium, which causes fever. Five Plasmodium species cause malaria: P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae, and P. knowlesi.

These different species of plasmodia infect humans, monkeys, birds, reptiles, and other animals. Here are more malaria facts below:

There were 214 million malaria cases in 2017, leading to 445,000 deaths.

  • More than 90% of these deaths occurred in Africa.
  • In 2017, there were 1.2 billion people at risk of contracting malaria.
  • About 80% of those living with malaria live in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Most malaria infections occur in children under five years old.

Most people who die from malaria are children under five years old.

Malaria is a serious disease that affects millions of people every year. Most of these are young children who can become unwell very quickly after infection with plasmodium.

Prompt treatment is necessary to prevent severe effects like anaemia (low blood levels), Kidney damage, and brain inflammation (encephalitis).

Infogram Comparing Malaria myths v facts

Malaria Myths v Facts

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Editing By AskAwayHealth Team

Disclaimer

All AskAwayHealth articles are written by practising  Medical Practitioners on various health care conditions to provide evidence-based guidance and to help promote quality health care. The advice in our material is not meant to replace the management of your specific condition by a qualified health care practitioner.
To discuss your condition, please contact a health practitioner here.

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